DEIMOS-2 is monitoring Mosul Dam while the Italian engineering company Trevi Group keeps on repairing its structure.

The Mosul Dam is the largest dam and hydroelectric project in Iraq and it has been plagued with problems since it opened in 1986 because it was built on soluble ground. In March 2016, the Iraqi government played down reports from the United States and the United Nations that the dam was at risk of imminent collapse. Experts argue that, if the dam broke, the resulting flood could trigger an environmental disaster that could kill more than 1.5 million people living along the Tigris River. Following those reports, the Cesena-based company Trevi signed a contract with Iraqi authorities for consolidation work on the dam that would last for at least 18 months.

Italy has deployed helicopters, drones, fighter jets and more than 1,400 troops to Iraq, of which a contingent of around 500 troops from the 6th Bersaglieri Batallion is safeguarding the strategic Mosul Dam while the critical repairs are undertaken.