Today marks the signing of the Convention of Wetlands of International Importance -the Ramsar Convention- which was accomplished in Iran in 1971.
Wetlands are the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth. Thanks to the abundance of water, they are havens for wildlife and have a great ecological, hydrological and economic value. Moreover, wetlands are a natural safeguard that reduce the impact of hazards such as floods, droughts and cyclones, and prevent erosion. Unfortunately, they are under severe threat from developmental activities, as they are often regarded as wastelands.
Our satellites DEIMOS-1 and DEIMOS-2 captured Bombetoka Bay, home to some of Madagascar’s largest remaining communities of mangroves, which provide habitat for a great number of species such as sea turtles, birds, and dugongs, and shelter for diverse mollusk and crustacean communities.
Mapping and monitoring the preservation of wetlands through remote sensing applications is essential, and can significantly improve disaster risk reduction.