Historically, agriculture has played a very important role in the fertile crescent between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Today, after several years of ongoing conflicts in Iraq and Syria, agriculture and the livelihoods that depend on it have suffered massive loss in this area. The fighting is not only putting civilian lives in danger, but also jeopardizing the agricultural production in the region. Several families dedicated to rural farming and herding have been forced to migrate or look for other sources of income. Moreover, vast areas of agricultural land, resources and infrastructures have been destroyed.
The most affected regions in these countries are the Nineveh, Kirkuk and Salahuddin governorates in Iraq and Al-Hassakah, Ar-Raqqa, Rural Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Dara’a and Idleb in Syria.
Agriculture is not only an important source of income but also a key element for political legitimacy by ensuring food provision to the broader population. Thus, post conflict development efforts in the sector will be critical to restore livelihoods and prevent a return to radicalization.
This image, captured by Deimos-1, shows part of Al-Hassakah, in Iraq, and Nineveh, in Syria, two of the main agricultural regions in this area. Vegetation appears red in this false-color image that was processed including the near-infrared channel. Different shades of red provide crucial information on chlorophyll content and plants health.
This other image, captured by Deimos-2, shows a smaller part of the same region in true color and very-high resolution.
Deimos-1 and Deimos-2 imagery are an easy-to-use and cost-effective tool to improve the efficiency of cultivation practices and to implement precision agriculture techniques. They can be used in a variety of agriculture applications such as drought assessment, crop management, and grazing management. Deimos Imaging can directly provide value added agriculture services to customers, or rely on its global network of partners which can offer a wide portfolio of tailored services. Deimos-1, designed especially for agriculture applications, has quickly become one of the leading sources in this kind of services worldwide. Meanwhile, Deimos-2 images offer a much higher resolution – 75 cm/pixel – that also present a powerful and affordable solution for precision agriculture services.