This image features the ancient city of Ashur, Iraq, located on the Tigris River in northern Mesopotamia. From 2003 the city’s archeological site is inscribed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage site in danger, highlighting the need to protect cultural heritage sites during any crisis, be it natural or man-made. Founded in the 3rd millennium BCE, the most important role of Ashur was from the 14th to 9th century BCE when it was the first capital of the Assyrian empire. The city-state served as trading platform of international importance and as religious capital of the Assyrians, associated with the cult of the god Ashur. The city was destroyed by the Babylonians, but revived during the Parthian period in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD.